What are Power Tongs?
When it comes to drilling for natural resources, there are a few pieces of essential equipment that you will need to have in order to improve the efficiency and safety of your drill site. Power tongs are one example of this type of essential tool. Basically, power tongs are wrenches that are used to apply torque to make-up the necessary casing threads. Some features of power tongs include: having a large-capacity, being self-locking and boasting extreme grip.
Power tongs work by rotating while making up casings, tubings and drill pipes. The torque that is applied to the power tongs is done in a controlled manner to ensure that the casing thread does not leak. The amount of torque used depends on the size of the casing, as well as the weight, grade and thread compound friction being used.
There are four main types of power tongs: casing, drill pipe, rising and tubing; we’ll dive into them below!
Casing power tongs are used to make and break casing tubulars. The casing tubulars are then placed in the drill hole to keep the hole open. Casing power tongs come in a variety of sizes, from five feet to the thirty-six feet, are available to withstand a variety of torque casings and can maintain a variety of torque weights. The casing power tong used will be determined by your project and needs.
Drill Pipe Tongs
Drill pipe tongs are used to screw together drill pipe and industrial tubular to create drill strings. The drill strings are then used for drilling into the ground. Drill pipe tongs are primarily used to lower drill time, which then reduces costs. Like casing tongs, they’re available in a variety of sizes and models for you to select from.
Riser tongs are used in deep-water drilling, as a sort of conduit to move materials from the blowout preventer to the drilling rig. Similar to flowlines, drilling risers transfer mud while production risers cary over production materials and hydrocarbons; this all happens during the drilling stages. Riser tongs are manufactured in sealable, fatigue-resistant and high-pressure forms perfect for their water-based use.
Tubing tongs are used to run tubulars that then extract oil and gas from drilling reservoirs. They are designed for rugged terrain and high-torque, to consistently deliver high-performance. Like all power tong options, tubing tongs are available in a wide-variety of models to suit any needs you may have.
We understand that selecting the perfect power tong can be a confusing decision. Our drilling experts are available to answer any of your questions and to help you place your order. Give us a call today!